5G is the new generation of cellular communication technologies. It is the 5th ge-neration of mobile networks, a signiﬁcant evolution of todays 4G LTE networks.
5G is being designed to meet the very large growth in data and connectivity of today’s modern society, the internet of things with billions of connected devices, and tomo-rrow’s innovations. In technical terms 5G delivers improved data rates (up to 100 times faster than current mobile networks)
5G uses radio waves or radio frequency (RF) energy to transmit and receive voice and data connecting our communities.
5G will initially operate in conjunction with existing 4G networks before evolving to fully standalone networks in subsequent releases and coverage expansions.
5G networks will use a combination of smart antenna technologies and small cells to deliver radio signals where they are needed. Conventional antennas provide coverage similar to how a ﬂoodlight illuminates a wide area. New 5G smart anten-nas act like ﬂashlights, providing coverage where it is needed and reducing unwan-ted signals. Smart antennas increase capacity and improve efficiency. Small cells are currently used by mobile networks to provide localised coverage and/or capaci-ty and their use will expand with 5G. They may be mounted on street lights or inside buildings where over 80% of mobile usage occurs.